COMMUNICATIONS from the Bishop

No.  828          Diocese of Marbel, Philippines                                 13 July 2015

 

CHAPTER FIVE: LINES OF APPROACH AND ACTION

(6th Installment, Encyclical “LAUDATO SI’”)

           “…we shall try to outline the major parts of dialogue which man can help us escape the spiral of self-destruction which currently engulfs us.” (n. 163)

 I. DIALOGUE ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY

“…our planet is a homeland and…humanity is one people living in a common home.” …Interdependence obliges us to think of one world with a common plan. (n. 164)

“Worldwide, the ecological movement has made significant advances, thanks also to the efforts of many organizations of civil society.. This notwithstanding recent World Summit on the environment have not lived up to expectations because, due to lack of political will, they were unable to reach truly meaningful and effective global agreements on the environment.” (n. 166)

“1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.  It proclaimed that ‘human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development (Principle 1).  Echoing the 1972 Stockton Declaration, it enshrined international cooperation to care for the ecosystem of the entire earth, the obligation of those who cause pollution to assume the costs, and theduty to assess the environmental impact of given projects and works.  It set the goal of limiting greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere, in an effort to reverse the trend of global warming.  It also drew up an agenda with an action plan and a convention on biodiversity, and stated principles regarding forests… The principles which it proclaimed still await an efficient and flexible means of practical implementation.” (n. 167)

“Positive experiences…the Basel Convention on hazardous wastes, with its system of reporting, standards and controls…the binding Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora which includes on-site visits for verifying effective compliance…the Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer and its implementation through the Montreal Protocol and amendments, the problem oflayer’s thinning seems to have entered a phase of resolution.” (n. 168)

“As for the protection of biodiversity and issues related to desertification are concerned, progress has been far less significant with regard to climate change, the advances have been regrettably few.  Reducing greenhouses gases require honesty, courage and responsibility, above all on the part of those countries which are more powerful and pollute the most.  The Conference of the United Nations on Sustainable Development, ‘Rio + 20’ (2012) issued a wide-ranging but ineffectual outcome document International negotiations cannot make significant progress due to positions taken by countries which place their national interests above the global common good.” (n. 169)

“Some strategies for lowering pollutant gas emissions call for the internationalization of environmental costs…” disadvantageous to “countries with fewer resources.” (n. 170)

“The strategy of buying and selling ‘carbon credits’ can lead to a new form of speculation which would not help reduce the emission of polluting gases worldwide.” (n. 171)

“For poor countries, the priorities must be to eliminate extreme poverty and to promote the social development of their people.” (n. 172)

“Global regulatory norms are needed to impose obligations and prevent unacceptable actions…”

Regarding “the system of governance of oceans…what is needed is an agreement on systems of governance for the whole range of so-called ‘global commons’”. (n. 174)

Regarding “goal of eliminating poverty”…reduce pollution and develop poorer countries and regions. (n. 175)

 II. DIALOGUE FOR NEW NATIONAL AND LOCAL POLICIES

“…individual states can no longer ignore their responsibility for planning, coordination, oversight and enforcement within their respective borders.” (n. 177)

“True statecraft is manifest when, in difficult times, we uphold high principles and think of long-term common good.” (n. 178)

“…cooperatives are being developed to exploit renewable sources of energy which ensure local self-sufficiency and even the sale of surplus energy.” (n. 179)

 III. DIALOGUE AND TRANSPARENCY IN DECISION-MAKING

“Environmental impact assessment…should be part of the process from the beginning, and be carried out in a way which is ‘interdisciplinary, transparent and free of all economic or political pressure’” (n. 183)

“The Rio Declaration of 1992…”Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a pretext for postponing cost-effective measures’ which prevent environmental degradation.  This precautionary principle makes it possible to protect those who are most vulnerable.” (n. 186)

 IV. POLITICS AND ECONOMY IN DIALOGUE FOR HUMAN FULFILLMENT

“Environmental protection cannot be assured solely on the basis of financial calculations of costs and benefits.  To be considered: value of things, persons, cultures, poor. (n. 190)

“What is needed is a politics which is far-sighted and capable of a new, integral and interdisciplinary approach to handling the different aspects of the crisis.” (n. 197)

 V. RELIGIONS IN DIALOGUE WITH SCIENCE

“Religious classics can prove meaningful in every age; they have an enduring power to open new horizons.” (n. 199.  Lumen Fidei, 2013, 34)

Any technical solution which science claims to offer will be powerless to solve the serious problems of our world if humanity loses its compass, if we lose sight of the great motivations which make it possible for us to live in harmony, to make sacrifices and to treat others well.  Believers themselves must constantly feel challenged to live in a way consonant with their faith.” (n. 200)

“The majority of people living on our planet profess to be believers.  This should spur religions to dialogue among themselves for the sake of protecting nature, defending the poor, and building networks of respects and fraternity.  Dialogue among the various sciences is likewise needed, since each can tend to become enclosed in its own language, while specialization leads to a certain isolation and the absolutization of its own field of knowledge… An open and respectful dialogue is also needed between the various ecological movements, among which ideological conflicts are not infrequently encountered.  The gravity of the ecological crisis demands that we all look to the common good, embarking on a path of dialogue which requires patience, self-discipline and generosity, always keeping in mind that ‘realities are greater than ideas’.” (n. 201; Evangelii Gaudium, 231)

Next issue, 6th installment

CHAPTER VI: ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION AND SPIRITUALITY

Back to: 2015 COMMUNICATIONS from the Bishop

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About bishopdinualdo

Bishop Dinualdo D. Gutierrez is the Bishop of the Diocese of Marbel
This entry was posted in Earth Spirituality., Encyclical letter, Environment Principles, Environment/Ecology, Laudato Si, Pope, Pope Francis. Bookmark the permalink.

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